In botanical terms, wood plays a significant role in transferring water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant, as well as in the assimilation of sunlight, and aids in the development of carbohydrates by photosynthesis. It is provided by approximately 25,000–30,000 species of plants, including herbaceous ones, but only around 3,000–4,000 species produce wood suitable for use as a material. Gymnosperms and angiosperms are two classifications of wood-producing forest trees and other woody plants. Softwoods such as pine and spruce are produced by gymnosperms, while temperate and tropical hardwoods such as oak, beech, teak, and balsa are produced by angiosperms. It is worth noting that the distinction between hardwood and softwood is not always correct. Certain hardwoods, such as balsa, are softer than certain softwoods, such as yew.
The importance of wood is great. Although coal, metals, and petroleum are dwindling resources, on Earth, it can be controlled as a renewable one because it is found on every inhabited continent. When it is harvested in forests, transported to factories, and used in various processes, wood plays a significant roles in improving livelihoods and growth as well as supporting life in various regions around the world. The continued high demand for wood continues to demonstrate the need of tree harvesting.
In relation to other materials, the use of wood far exceeds the amount of it used. In many less-developed countries, roundwood (pond wood) is the primary source of energy and more than half of it is used as fuel. the rate of growth of paper and paperboard production is the fastest among wood products; this will likely continue in the developing countries as per capita consumption Rising population causes the consumption of wood, which leads to deforestation. Because of the decline of tropical deforestation, an increased wood supply of this would not be able to meet projected needs. So, they could the reduction of Earth’s forest cover and increases in the productivity of fast-growing tree plantations help solve the problem of forest resources, and reduce the environmental impact of the industry?